Anti-Clock (Jane Arden, Jack Bond 1979)


Two traditions covered over by time and represented by this work, the first by Arden/Bond that I have seen:

1. The feature-length experimental film which makes use of narrative structure to address ideas, ideology, forms; see India Song, Last Chants for a Slow Dance, Landscape Suicide.

2. What might be called Liberation Gnosticism, a syncretism of revolutionary social and political thought with mystical and psychological approaches to the (re)making of the self; see Knots by R. D. Laing, See the Old Lady Decently by B. S. Johnson, Burroughs passim.

On first acquaintance, the work of Arden and Bond has the excitement of difference, and it would be a mistake to deny that this is part of its appeal. It combines its imagined science with a thriller framework both more vestigial and more naturalistically impure than those of Cronenberg’s contemporaneous White Period, and is composed of some of the most radically various juxtapositions of different species of non-narrative film form I have seen in any film making use of narrative.


To begin with, I was arrested by this image which recurs; the television set in a darkened room. It resembled an image which was a key catalyst for a series of videos I’m currently working on, and which appears, mutated by various kinds of processing so as to resemble a cube/chamber/room, in my video Brampton Ortac TV Room. The red light is of crucial importance – as with the obscured number in the haze of compressed ‘snow’ in my video, it moors the television as an individuated object. The darkened room implies a hidden viewer, the twin of the viewer in the cinema-space, as the disembodied voices we hear are reminiscent of the disembodied aural world of the traditional analysand. As the film moves directly from its credits to the announcement:








– so the course of the film is presented as one mind’s recollection of a course of treatment, earliest memories, dreams, fantasies – that is, the transition is unannounced, and the difference between a recollection of a recollection of a fantasy during therapy and its immediate experience is elided. This elision, indeed, is the point of Zanov’s method, and it is the use Zanov’s method has for the anatomy of the film – it is an agency that sketches in, however lightly, a context for the equality of different points in time, and different kinds of representation, for one working to isolate her or his unconjugated self.

Though the film is subtitled ‘a time stop in the life of Joseph Sapha’, there are two protagonists, each of whom is doubled. Zanov, situated throughout their interviews behind Sapha and, from the viewer’s point-of-view, to his left (the classical position of an imagined sound) is played by the same actor as Sapha, Sebastian Saville. Alanda Clark, Sapha’s girlfriend, is played by Suzan Cameron, who also plays Sapha’s mother (Alanda Clark is never, as far as I could determine, referred to by name during the film – a questionnaire-type catechism she recites on her first appearance around twenty minutes into the film pointedly begins after the point at which would expect her name to have been stated – she is introduced simply as ‘Her’, who Sapha ‘has never left’).

Zanov’s voice and appearance is a Brechtian treatment of the didactic German ‘mad professor’ stereotype of psychoanalysis (referenced also by clips of radio and television programmes on the soundtrack – this is a film bristling with unattributed quotation as a radio flicked rapidly between channels gives out decontextualised utterance), but he is not a conventional psychotherapist; associated with para-psychologists and bio-feedback therapists, the modality he represents, while sinister to the conservative press whose negative reviews of the film all seem to have agreed upon interpreting Zanov as an oppressive villain, is acceptably Marcusian, or Laingian, for the worldview of this film, and is not antagonistic to Sapha’s inner journey; indeed the casting, and the declaration of Sapha’s mother that ‘he’s inside you forever’, suggests that Zanov is not the kind of surrogate paternal presence that transference can make of a therapist, but part of Sapha himself.

Regardless of the constructions put on his methodologies by those who support the dominant paradigm of mental health and its treatment, what makes Laing so difficult to embrace without reservation now is precisely that his yoke is so easy, so close to a mainstream he – and Arden – could not have foreseen. Many of his pronouncements now sound uncomfortably reminiscent of those of Louise L. Hay and her many disciples. They encourage, but are liable to melt in the mind into a vague cosiness, a miasma of wisdom unearned. Part of what makes Anti-Clock so precious is that it attempts to propose a role in the work of revolution for a form of mindfulness the avowed aim of which is the detachment from identity.

‘There is a continuum which links all living things together, so that the smallest cell does not pulsate without its effect being felt in the furthest reaches of the solar system. So, everything being one is not some romantic ideal, but an indisputable scientific reality. When this information seeps into our consciousness, it must change the moral structure of society.’

This dialogue, spoken by Madame Luisa Aronowicz (Louise Temple) towards the conclusion of Sapha’s treatment, is unconvincing because it has the ring of an afterthought; revolution the inevitable side-effect of what, despite the terminology, sounds like the dissemination of revealed knowledge. Most of the relatively condensed narratives we have of Arden’s career indicate that at this point she was a mystical former-feminist, but I wonder if the unresolved, tokenistic quality of this prediction could have been a conscious expression of uncertainty. The inclusion, as one of Sapha’s fantasies, of a feminist ‘ventriloquist’ sketch from Arden’s earlier theatre work indicates a continuing engagement, or a continued belief in the validity of that engagement. Or does its very placement indicate that the ideas it represents should be ‘released’? It may depend on the extent to which this film using narrative may be said to be a narrative film.

More dialogue, Sapha’s, from earlier:

‘And somewhere beyond my shadow lies anti-clock – the potentiality of an event, or, rather, the source of the potentiality of an event forks out and stretches back beyond my mole-vision. And therefore responsibility, or the notion of it, becomes absurd. I am merely a mental snapshot of myself.’

By the film’s conclusion, Sapha has come to the realisation that he is only the nexus of ‘strands of space’; he can be a weightless slice of time, or a point in space without identity, but he cannot be a citizen.

The problem with Liberation Gnosticism is that, as Gnosticism refers all spiritual progress to the sensibility of the individual seeker, any attempt to apply Gnostic values in the social sphere has difficulty dispelling an impression of crypto-aristocratic detachment. In my own cultural and personal position, capitalism is an invitation to madness or worse; the call to renounce rationality is tempting. Shifting the focus of her hope to the ineffable, did Arden hope to elude a constriction already being experienced by the Left? A systematic derangement of the senses is implied in one of the police-station scenes, in which an inspector goes from an attempt at sympathetic chastisement to calling Sapha a ‘fucking Jewboy anarchist’ (this line, dubbed across the dialogue of Sapha and the inspector, is a breach in the dialogue recording as it is a breach in the discourse). But a systematic derangement of the senses is not a mental breakdown.

The mysticism of Anti-Clock, considered in conjunction with the suicide of its creator, put me in mind of See the Old Lady Decently, B. S. Johnson’s last novel, where the hints of irrationality in the Jungian quotations and concrete poems invite one to a mystical worldview impossible fully to embrace as the route out into openness, into oceanic experience, that was evidently intended. The recurring imagery of eternity in such work is of the ocean, but it could equally be of a stone wall. The dreamed-of unity is the conceptual escape route of the trapped, of those driven by circumstance to dream of an untouchable stillness, outside of history, where defeat can never be final.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: